it is easy to mock, dismiss, and treat Bitcoin like a fringe system for geeks. Most of the criticism comes from those that have something to lose from its success. That is probably why the Bank of Canada conducted a survey that allows anyone to assume that Bitcoin enthusiasts are financially illiterate.
Bank of Canada vs Bitcoin Enthusiasts
The Bank of Canada conducted a survey to find out how Canadians view the possibility of a cashless society – they published the results but not the questions. Here are some of the data from the survey:
- Borrowing from the Bank’s annual Bitcoin Omnibus Survey, 84% of Canadians have heard about cryptocurrencies
- 5% of those surveyed hold cryptocurrencies
- In 2018 bitcoin awareness was at 89% and ownership was at 5%, while an additional 1.6% owned other cryptocurrencies exclusively
*Note: the results of the survey seem to conflate Bitcoin and cryptocurrency. From the way the data is presented, the Bank of Canada seems to be using the terms interchangeably
- Awareness and ownership – referring to Bitcoin and/or cryptocurrencies – is highest among “young”, male, university educated and high-income Canadians
- Bitcoin awareness increased with the assessed level of financial literacy of survey subjects
- However, the likelihood of Bitcoin ownership decreased as the assessed level of financial literacy increased
- 8% of those with “low” financial literacy claimed to own cryptocurrencies – not Bitcoin
- 4% of subjects that have “high” financial literacy own cryptocurrency – again, not necessarily Bitcoin
“Financial literacy represents an understanding of the concepts central to economic decision making, such as investing and saving for retirement.” – Bank of Canada, 2019 Cash Alternative Survey Results
Problems with the Results of the Bank of Canada Survey
There are a number of problems with the data in this survey:
- Why does the Bank of Canada conflate or use the term ‘Bitcoin’ and the term ‘cryptocurrency’ interchangeably?
- If awareness and ownership is highest among university educated and high-income Canadians, why does the likelihood of cryptocurrency ownership decrease as the assessed level of financial literacy increased?
- Does a narrow definition of “financial literacy” skew the survey against the younger people who tend to own cryptocurrencies/Bitcoin, but have had less experience with the house of cards that is the fiat system?
Other Possible Biases in the Bank of Canada Survey
This Bank of Canada survey might be biased in many other ways:
- There is a good chance that the guardians of the status quo drafted it
- Bank of Canada employees or contractors – guardians of the status quo – are interpreting the results to produce the report
- The data on cryptocurrencies/Bitcoin is part of a wider study on attitudes towards cash alternatives
- It might not be smart to admit to the Bank of Canada or anyone else that you own Bitcoin
Bitcoin Enthusiasts are NOT Financially Illiterate
Nevertheless, it is important to debunk the myth that Bitcoin enthusiasts are financially illiterate. To do so, let us assume that when the Bank of Canada refers to cryptocurrencies, they actually mean Bitcoin:
- Bitcoin is a form of electronic P2P cash
- As such, its holders use it or store it, but they do not have to be financially literate to use it
- People use and store cash without being financially literate or understanding how the fiat system works
The Bank of Canada’s conclusions are egregious because:
- The Bank of Canada prints money on a whim, degrading the purchasing power of those who hold it
- Few understand the compounding effect of inflation on their retirement savings, but the Bank of Canada is in no rush to educate them either
- Education about how money really works – all kinds of money – is not prevalent in the fiat world, so why would anyone focus on the financial literacy of Bitcoin enthusiasts?
- This report mentions the word literacy a total of 16 times
- Of those 16 times, the word literacy appears 12 times in the paragraphs that explore the findings vis-à-vis cryptocurrency and Bitcoin – bias, anyone?
The world of fiat holders is a kaleidoscope of people with varying degrees of literacy, just like Bitcoin. Those who understand “the concepts central to economic decision making, such as investing and saving for retirement” tend to ask others to trust them to make financial decisions for them.
That entitles these experts to a fee which is how they earn a profit. This activity is regulated and relies on the Bank of Canada – among other tools – for its success.
The Case for Financial Literacy Within the Bitcoin Community
Bitcoin is an alternative to fiat. Members of the community and Bitcoin enthusiasts like us, bend over backwards to explain this to everyone. We do so for free.
Our interests do not cloud our judgement because we are not looking to prey on those who are financially illiterate – unlike the banks that take dirt cheap loans from the Bank of Canada and use them to swindle people out of their hard-earned money.
We are open and honest about the shortcomings of Bitcoin. Keeping expectations in check is an integral part of our advocacy.
As such, you will find many voices within the Bitcoin community that actively warn people against treating BTC as an asset they will profit on. It is not an investment. No one needs to be financially literate to hold or use BTC.
Do you Agree with the Bank of Canada?
Given all the information available on Bitcoin, it is hard to believe the conclusions that the Bank of Canada drew from its survey. Does Bitcoin ownership really correlate negatively with financial literacy?
You should only believe this if you agree with the definitions of the Bank of Canada and trust the way its employees designed the survey. Furthermore, you should know that the conclusion the Bank of Canada arrived at does not offer any kind of context.
It is impossible to determine how the “financial literacy” of Bitcoin enthusiasts – or a lack thereof – correlates with their ability to make a financial decision from the data in the survey.
Are Bank of Canada Decision Makers Literate Enough to Conduct Unbiased Surveys?
This might prove that the Bank of Canada decision makers, employees, or contractors responsible for this report, might not be literate enough to conduct an unbiased survey.
So, take a page out of the Bank of Canada playbook and ask a loaded question: Are Bank of Canada decision makers so terrified that an algorithm can replace them, that they are willing to attack the intellectual integrity of Bitcoin enthusiasts with broad biased strokes?